Achieving Wave Pipelining in Spin Wave Technology

Abdulqader Mahmoud, Frederic Vanderveken, Christoph Adelmann, Florin Ciubotaru, Said Hamdioui, Sorin Cotofana

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

18 Downloads (Pure)


By their very nature, voltage/current excited Spin Waves (SWs) propagate through waveguides without consuming noticeable power. If SW excitation is performed by the continuous application of voltages/currents to the input, which is usually the case, the overall energy consumption is determined by the transducer power and the circuit critical path delay, which leads to high energy consumption because of SWs slowness. However, if transducers are operated in pulses the energy becomes circuit delay independent and it is mainly determined by the transducer power and delay, thus pulse operation should be targeted. In this paper, we utilize a 3-input Majority gate (MAJ) to investigate the Continuous Mode Operation (CMO), and Pulse Mode Operation (PMO). Moreover, we validate CMO and PMO 3-input Majority gate by means of micromagnetic simulations. Furthermore, we evaluate and compare the CMO and PMO Majority gate implementations in term of energy. The results indicate that PMO diminishes MAJ gate energy consumption by a factor of 18. In addition, we describe how PMO can open the road towards the utilization of the Wave Pipelining (WP) concept in SW circuits. We validate the WP concept by means of micromagnetic simulations and we evaluate its implications in term of throughput. Our evaluation indicates that for a circuit formed by four cascaded MAJ gates WP increases the throughput by 3.6x.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 22nd International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, ISQED 2021
Place of PublicationPiscataway
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-7641-3
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-7642-0
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventISQED 2021 : The Twenty Second International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design (Virtual Conference) - Virtual Online, Santa Clara, United States
Duration: 7 Apr 20219 Apr 2021
Conference number: 22nd

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, ISQED
ISSN (Print)1948-3287
ISSN (Electronic)1948-3295


ConferenceISQED 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySanta Clara


  • Continuous Mode Operation
  • Energy
  • Majority Gate
  • Pulse Mode Operation
  • Spin-wave
  • Spin-wave computing Paradigm
  • Throughput
  • Wave Pipelining


Dive into the research topics of 'Achieving Wave Pipelining in Spin Wave Technology'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this