Acquisition design for direct reflectivity and velocity estimation from blended and irregularly sampled data

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Abstract

Blended acquisition along with efficient spatial sampling is capable of providing high-quality seismic data in a cost-effective and productive manner. While deblending and data reconstruction conventionally accompany this way of data acquisition, the recorded data can be processed directly to estimate subsurface properties. We establish a workflow to design survey parameters that account for the source blending as well as the spatial sampling of sources and detectors. The proposed method involves an iterative scheme to derive the survey design leading to optimum reflectivity and velocity estimation via joint migration inversion. In the workflow, we extend the standard implementation of joint migration inversion to cope with the data acquired in a blended fashion along with irregular detector and source geometries. This makes a direct estimation of reflectivity and velocity models feasible without the need of deblending or data reconstruction. During the iterations, the errors in reflectivity and velocity estimates are used to update the survey parameters by integrating a genetic algorithm and a convolutional neural network. Bio-inspired operators enable the simultaneous update of the blending and sampling operators. To relate the choice of survey parameters to the performance of joint migration inversion, we utilize a convolutional neural network. The applied network architecture discards suboptimal solutions among newly generated ones. Conversely, it carries optimal ones to the subsequent step, which improves the efficiency of the proposed approach. The resultant acquisition scenario yields a notable enhancement in both reflectivity and velocity estimation attributable to the choice of survey parameters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2127-2146
Number of pages20
JournalGeophysical Prospecting
Volume67
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Acquisition
  • Genetic algorithm
  • Neural network
  • Optimization
  • Reflectivity
  • Velocity

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