Active Acoustic Metamaterial Based on Helmholtz Resonators to Absorb Broadband Low-Frequency Noise

Reza Hedayati*, Sandhya P. Lakshmanan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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The aim of the present work is to design active acoustic metamaterial consisting of an array of Helmholtz resonators and fabricating them using an additive manufacturing technique in order to assist in a reduction in noise levels in aerospace applications. To this aim, initially, a passive metamaterial consisting of an array of 64 Helmholtz resonator unit cells is designed and tested to establish the effectiveness and region of performance. The selected design variable for change is identified as the resonator cavity depth through the frequency response for each parameter of the Helmholtz resonance equation and randomized to achieve a broadband frequency range of the passive metamaterial. An active model of this design (actuated by a stepper motor) is fabricated and tested. The metamaterials are tested under two acoustic set-ups: a closed system aimed at recreating the environment of a soundproof room and an open-system aimed to recreate the condition of an active liner. For the case of passive system, the metamaterial gave sound attenuation of 18 dB (for f = 150 Hz) in open system configuration and 33 dB (f = 350 Hz) in closed system configuration. The attenuation obtained for the active model was 10–15 dB over the mean line performance for the case of closed system and 15–20 dB for the case of open system. The closed system was also tested for performance at multiple cavity depths by setting two wall depths at 10 mm and three walls at 50 mm. This test yielded an attenuation of 15 dB at 180 Hz, the frequency corresponding to 50 mm cavity depth, and 10 dB at 515 Hz, corresponding to 10 mm cavity depth.

Original languageEnglish
Article number962
Number of pages23
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • acoustic metamaterial
  • additive manufacturing
  • Helmholtz resonator
  • noise attenuation


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