Ad Hoc communication topology switching during disasters from altruistic to individualistic and Back

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Abstract

Disaster communication has made immense progress in the last thirty years. At present, disaster research focuses on bottom-up approaches such as civilian inclusion in disaster response. With the advent of smartphones, citizen-based emergency communication has become possible. Present ad hoc communication technologies typically form a fully connected mesh network, which connects all phones that are within each other's transmission range. This facilitates low-latency direct communication between citizens, but it quickly drains the battery of phones. Alternative ad hoc communication networks form an adaptive energy-efficient network topology, that is most draining to batteries of phones that have a higher charge, while low-energy phones are spared from relaying messages, thereby preserving battery and thus maintaining their connection with the rescue communication network. Both of these approaches have their own advantages. Which one is best for communication needs depends on the context. This position paper discusses the possibility of a decision model as an approach to automatically switch between the two alternative ad hoc communication networks. This ensures that citizens in disasters can make use of the optimal communication system at all times.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCOMPLEXIS 2020 - Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Complexity, Future Information Systems and Risk
EditorsReinhold Behringer, Victor Chang
PublisherSciTePress
Pages103-107
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9789897584275
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event5th International Conference on Complexity, Future Information Systems and Risk, COMPLEXIS 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 8 May 20209 May 2020

Publication series

NameCOMPLEXIS 2020 - Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Complexity, Future Information Systems and Risk

Conference

Conference5th International Conference on Complexity, Future Information Systems and Risk, COMPLEXIS 2020
CityVirtual, Online
Period8/05/209/05/20

Keywords

  • Ad Hoc Communication Networks
  • Autonomous Computing
  • Disaster Management
  • Topology Switching

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