Adaptation rate in joint dynamics depends on the time-varying properties of the environment

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Abstract

During movement, our central nervous system (CNS) takes into account the dynamics of our environment to optimally adapt our joint dynamics. In this study we explored the adaptation of shoulder joint dynamics when a participant interacted with a time-varying virtual environment created by a haptic manipulator. Participants performed a position task, i.e., minimizing position deviations, in face of continuous mechanical force perturbations. During a trial the environmental damping, mimicked by the manipulator, was either increased (0 to 200 N s/m) or decreased (200 to 0 N s/m) in 1 s or 8 s. A system identification technique, kernel-based regression, was used to reveal time-varying shoulder joint dynamics using the frequency response function (FRF). The FRFs revealed that the rate at which shoulder joint dynamics is adapted depends on the rate and direction of change in environmental damping. Adaptation is slow, but starts immediately, after the environmental damping increases, whereas adaptation is fast but delayed when environmental damping decreases. The results obtained in our participants comply with the framework of optimal feedback control, i.e., adaptation of joint dynamics only takes place when motor performance is at risk or when this is energetically advantageous.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBIOROB 2018 - 7th IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ, USA
PublisherIEEE
Pages273-278
ISBN (Electronic)9781538681831
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event7th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BIOROB 2018 - Enschede, Netherlands
Duration: 26 Aug 201829 Aug 2018

Conference

Conference7th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BIOROB 2018
CountryNetherlands
CityEnschede
Period26/08/1829/08/18

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  • Cite this

    Van De Ruit, M., Lataire, J., Van Der Helm, F. C. T., Mugge, W., & Schouten, A. C. (2018). Adaptation rate in joint dynamics depends on the time-varying properties of the environment. In BIOROB 2018 - 7th IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (pp. 273-278). [8487793] IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/BIOROB.2018.8487793