Individual Pitch Control (IPC) is a well-known and, in normal operating conditions, effective approach to alleviate blade loads in wind turbines. However, in the case of a Pitch Actuator Stuck (PAS) type of fault, conventional IPC is not beneficial since its action is disturbed by the failed pitch actuator. In this paper, a Subspace Predictive Repetitive Control (SPRC)-based IPC is proposed to implement a Fault Tolerant Control (FTC) strategy for Floating Offshore Wind Turbines (FOWTs) affected by PAS faults. In particular, an online subspace identification step is first carried out to obtain a linearized model of the FOWT system in faulty condition. The identified FOWT system is then used to develop a repetitive control law. Consequently, the adaptive repetitive control solution is implemented on the remaining healthy pitch actuators, in order to accommodate the PAS fault. Results show the developed SPRC approach allows to accommodate the PAS faults, achieving a considerable reduction of the blade loads in combination with lower pitch activities for the healthy actuators. This allows to continue power production and postpone maintenance operations, thus reducing the OM costs.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the American Control Conference, ACC 2020|
|Place of Publication||Piscataway, NJ, USA|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
|Event||ACC 2020: American Control Conference 2020 - Denver, United States|
Duration: 1 Jul 2020 → 3 Jul 2020
|Conference||ACC 2020: American Control Conference 2020|
|Period||1/07/20 → 3/07/20|