Adaptive spacecraft attitude control with incremental approximate dynamic programming

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Abstract

This paper presents an adaptive control technique to deal with spacecraft attitude tracking and disturbance rejection problems in the presence of model uncertainties. Approximate dynamic programming has been proposed to solve adaptive, optimal control problems without using accurate systems models. Within this category, linear approximate dynamic programming systematically utilizes a quadratic cost-to-go function and simplifies the design process. Although modelfree and efficient, linear approximate dynamic programming methods are difficult to apply to nonlinear systems or timevarying systems, such as attitude control of spacecraft disturbed by internal liquid sloshing. To deal with this problem, this paper develops a model-free nonlinear self-learning attitude control method based on incremental Approximate Dynamic Programming to enhance the performance of the spacecraft attitude control system. This method combines the advantages of linear approximate dynamic programming and the incremental nonlinear control techniques, and generates a model-free controller for unknown, time-varying dynamical systems. In this paper, two reference tracking algorithms are developed for off-line learning and online learning, respectively. These algorithms are applied to the attitude control of a spacecraft disturbed by internal liquid sloshing. The results demonstrate that the proposed method deals with the unknown, timevarying internal dynamics adaptively while retaining accurate and efficient attitude control.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication68th International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2017
Subtitle of host publicationUnlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security
PublisherInternational Astronautical Federation, IAF
Pages6907-6914
Number of pages8
Volume11
ISBN (Print)9781510855373
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Event68th International Astronautical Congress: Unlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security, IAC 2017: Unlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security - Adelaide, Australia
Duration: 25 Sep 201729 Sep 2017
Conference number: 68
http://www.iafastro.org/events/iac/iac-2017/

Conference

Conference68th International Astronautical Congress: Unlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security, IAC 2017
Abbreviated titleIAC 2017
CountryAustralia
CityAdelaide
Period25/09/1729/09/17
Internet address

Keywords

  • Adaptive control
  • Approximate dynamic programming
  • Fuel sloshing
  • Incremental techniques
  • Nonlinear control

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