Additive manufacturing of Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb alloy using gas atomized and mechanically alloyed plasma spheroidized powders

Igor Polozov*, Artem Kantyukov, Ivan Goncharov, Nikolay Razumov, Alexey Silin, Vera Popovich, Jia Ning Zhu, Anatoly Popovich

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)
    25 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    In this paper, laser powder-bed fusion (L-PBF) additive manufacturing (AM) with a high-temperature inductive platform preheating was used to fabricate intermetallic TiAl-alloy samples. The gas atomized (GA) and mechanically alloyed plasma spheroidized (MAPS) powders of the Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb (at. %) alloy were used as the feedstock material. The effects of L-PBF process parameters-platform preheating temperature-on the relative density, microstructure, phase composition, andmechanicalproperties ofprintedmaterialwere evaluated. Crack-free intermetallic samples with a high relative density of 99.9% were fabricated using 900 °C preheating temperature. Scanning electron microscopy and X-Ray diffraction analyses revealed a very fine microstructure consisting of lamellar α2/γ colonies, equiaxed γ grains, and retained β phase. Compressive tests showed superior properties of AM material as compared to the conventional TiAl-alloy. However, increased oxygen content was detected inMAPS powder compared to GA powder (~1.1 wt. % and ~0.1 wt. %, respectively), which resulted in lower compressive strength and strain, but higher microhardness compared to the samples produced from GA powder.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number3952
    Number of pages16
    JournalMaterials
    Volume13
    Issue number18
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Keywords

    • Additive manufacturing
    • Mechanical alloying
    • Microstructure
    • Selective laser melting
    • Titanium alloy

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