Addressing housing deficits from a multi-dimensional perspective: a review of Chilean housing policy

Valentina Cortés-Urra*, D.K. Czischke, V.H. Gruis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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After decades of battling the quantitative and qualitative housing deficits, Latin American countries are seeing new types of challenges in housing. Neoliberal policies favouring individual (low-cost) homeownership have weakened social trust and solidarity between neighbours, and some housing areas face poor urban amenities. An example of this is Chile, where housing policy measures have brought adverse effects such as deteriorating housing quality and the relocation of families to peripheral areas. This has caused the breakdown of family ties, community life, and social cohesion. Although various studies on the housing deficit in Chile have been carried out, these studies have not comprehensively addressed the multiple dimensions of housing. Therefore, this review explores how Chilean housing policies have addressed the housing deficit from four dimensions: quantitative, qualitative, urban, and social. To this end, we reviewed Chilean housing policies and programmes and their response to the housing deficit from the neoliberal period onwards. We found that these policies and interventions have focused on solving the quantitative and, to a lesser extent, qualitative and urban deficits while sparsely addressing the non-physical or intangible social dimension. We conclude this article with recommendations to address the social deficit of housing in future policies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Housing Policy
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Latinamerica
  • Chile
  • Housing policies
  • Housing programs
  • Multi-dimensional housing deficit
  • Social deficit of housing
  • Quantitative deficit of housing
  • Qualitative deficit of housing
  • Urban deficit of housing
  • Policy review
  • Collaborative housing


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