Adhesion characteristics on anodized titanium and its durability under aggressive environments

Sabbir Ahmed, Debabrata Chakrabarty, Subroto Mukherjee, Shantanu Bhowmik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this investigation, an attempt has been made to improve the interfacial adhesion characteristics of titanium (Ti) surface at elevated temperature and in aqueous salt solution. In order to ensure the presence of titanium oxide coating on the surface of titanium, anodization on titanium was carried out by sodium hydroxide. This oxide coating etches the surfaces of titanium. These etching surfaces of titanium increase the surface energy and surface roughness of the titanium. Physicochemical characteristics of surface modified titanium were carried out by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) study and the results reveal that there is a significant increase in oxygen functionalities due to anodization. The oxide etching on the surface of anodized titanium is further confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) study. The contact angle and surface energy are measured by the use of two liquids namely water and glycerol. It is observed that the formation of oxide not only improves the surface energy of titanium but also protects the surface of titanium when exposed to aggressive environments. The lap-shear tensile strengths of two anodized titanium surfaces were fabricated by adhesive. There has been significant improvement in the adhesive bond strength, and subsequently in the durability of adhesive bonded joint, of titanium when exposed to aggressive environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1650033
Number of pages12
JournalSurface Review and Letters
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


  • adhesive bonding
  • AFM
  • sodium hydroxide anodization
  • tensile strength
  • Titanium alloy
  • XPS

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