Advanced data processing methods for detecting unsteady boundary layer transition in periodic aerodynamic processes by means of infrared thermography measurements are presented. The thermal radiation emitted from the heated suction surface of a pitching airfoil model in subsonic flow is measured with an infrared camera. The unsteady boundary layer transition location is detected by analyzing the difference in the infrared radiation signal over short periods of time with differential infrared thermography (DIT). The DIT method is optimized and automated in the present study, which facilitates the extension of the part of the motion period where valid DIT transition measurements are produced. Additionally, a new infrared thermography data processing method is introduced in this study. The extraction of the extrema of the measured radiation signal at fixed locations on the model surface yields instants of the motion period that relate to the occurrence of boundary layer transition. The local infrared thermography (LIT) approach can be extended to measuring the two-dimensional unsteady boundary layer transition front.
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- unsteady aerodynamics
- boundary layer transition
- wind tunnel testing
- pitching airfoil model
- infrared thermography
- data analysis