Advances in Capacitive, Eddy Current, and Magnetic Displacement Sensors and Corresponding Interfaces

Boby George, Zhichao Tan, Stoyan Nihtianov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a review of the latest advances in the field of capacitive, inductive (eddy current), and magnetic sensors, for measurement of absolute displacement. The need for accurate displacement and position measurement in the micrometer, nanometer, and subnanometer scales has increased significantly over the last few years. Application examples can be found in high-tech industries, metrology, and space equipment. Besides measuring displacement as a primary quantity, absolute displacement sensors are also used when physical quantities such as pressure, acceleration, vibration, inertia, etc., have to be measured. A better understanding of the commonalities between capacitive, inductive, and magnetic displacement sensors, as well as the main performance differences and limitations, will help one make the best choice for a specific application. This review is based on both theoretical analysis and experimental results. The main performance criteria used are: sensitivity, resolution, compactness, long-term stability, thermal drift, and power efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9595-9607
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • capacitive sensors
  • displacement
  • magnetic sensors
  • eddy current sensors


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