Advances in Measuring Pedestrians at Dutch Train Stations Using Bluetooth, WiFi and Infrared Technology

Jeroen van den Heuvel, Danique Ton, K. Hermansen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review


As of 2014, three Dutch train stations have been equipped with automated pedestrian traffic sensors, as part of the SMART Station initiative of NS Stations. These stations are Utrecht Central station, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol train station and Leiden Central station. SMART Station consists of hybrid Bluetooth/WiFi sensors for tracking and infrared sensors for counting. Combining data from both sensor types results in useful insights into the pedestrian dynamics. In this paper, four SMART Station cases are presented. Firstly, an estimation of escalator capacity will be presented. Secondly, we will show the temporal and spatial flow characteristics of a very large bike parking facility. Thirdly, the use of train stations by non-train passengers will be explored. Fourthly and finally, the occupancy of a station hall will be explored.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTraffic and Granular Flow '15
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 11th Conference on Traffic and Granular Flow, Nootdorp, The Netherlands
EditorsV.L. Knoop, W. Daamen
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-33482-0
ISBN (Print)978-319-33481-3
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event11th Traffic and Granular Flow Conference - Nootdorp, Netherlands
Duration: 27 Oct 201530 Oct 2015


Conference11th Traffic and Granular Flow Conference
Abbreviated titleTGF15


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