Advantages of TiO2/5A composite catalyst for photocatalytic degradation of antibiotic oxytetracycline in aqueous solution: Comparison between TiO2 and TiO2/5A composite system

C Zhao, Y Zhou, DJ de Ridder, J Zhai, Y Wei, H Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To probe advantages in TiO2/5A zeolite composite system, the photocatalytic degradation and adsorption of the antibiotic oxytetracycline (OTC) by unsupported TiO2 and 5A zeolite coated with 15 mass% TiO2 (15%T5A) under a series of conditions were investigated. The primary adsorption results indicated that 5A had much better adsorptive capability of OTC than TiO2 except at high pH values (pH = 11). A multivariate analysis and a response surface methodology (RSM) were applied to develop a quadratic model as a functional relationship between OTC removal efficiency and the independent variables (the initial pH values and the dosage of the catalyst). The optimal OTC removal conditions found with 15%T5A dosage were 1.00 g/L for pH 5 and 7, 0.80 g/L for pH 9, and 0.68 g/L for pH 11. Under these conditions, the 15%T5A composite photocatalysis showed a quicker OTC removal and degradation speed than unsupported TiO2. Besides, competitive organics like tert-butyl alcohol (TBA), methanol and humid acid, were added during the photocatalytic degradation of OTC by UV + TiO2 and UV + 15%T5A at pH 7. The experimental results indicated that the 15%T5A composite system had a better anti-interference capability of radical scavengers, and humid acid at a low concentration than unsupported TiO2. Moreover, the 15%T5A proved a more stable activity during recycled use and a much quicker sedimentation performance than nano-TiO2.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-289
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume248
Issue numberJuly
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • CWTS 0.75 <= JFIS < 2.00

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