Aeroacoustic analysis of an airfoil with Gurney flap based on time-resolved particle image velocimetry measurements

Xueqing Zhang, Andrea Sciacchitano, Stefan Pröbsting

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Particle image velocimetry for the experimental assessment of trailing edge noise sources has become focus of research in recent years. The present study investigates the feasibility of the noise prediction for high-lift devices based on time-resolved particle image velocimetry (PIV). The model under investigation is a NACA 0015 airfoil with a Gurney flap with a height of 6% of the chord length. The velocity fields around and downstream of the Gurney flap were measured by PIV and used to compute the corresponding pressure fields by solving the Poisson equation for incompressible flows. The reconstructed pressure fluctuations on the airfoil surface constitute the source term for Curle's aeroacoustic analogy, which was employed in both the distributed and compact formulation to estimate the noise emission from PIV. The results of the two formulations are compared with the simultaneous far-field microphone measurements in the temporal and spectral domains. Both formulations of Curle's analogy yield acoustic sound pressure levels in good agreement with the simultaneous microphone measurements for the tonal component. The estimated far-field sound power spectra (SPL) from the PIV measurements reproduce the peak at the vortex shedding frequency, which also agrees well with the acoustic measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)490-505
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2018


  • Curle's aeroacoustic analogy
  • Gurney flap noise
  • Time-resolved PIV

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