TY - JOUR

T1 - Aerodynamic drag determination of a full-scale cyclist mannequin from large-scale PTV measurements

AU - Terra, W.

AU - Sciacchitano, A.

AU - Shah, Y. H.

PY - 2019/2

Y1 - 2019/2

N2 - Abstract: The aerodynamic drag of a human-scale wind tunnel model is obtained from large-scale particle tracking velocimetry measurements invoking the conservation of momentum in a control volume surrounding the model. Lagrangian particle tracking is employed to obtain the velocity and static pressure statistics in a thin volume in the wake of a cyclist mannequin at freestream velocities between 12.5 and 15 m/s, corresponding to Reynolds numbers from 5 × 105 to 6 × 105 based on the torso length. The spatial distributions of the time-average streamwise velocity and pressure coefficient match well with previous works reported in literature. The streamwise velocity fluctuations in the wake of the cyclist’s model are presented, clearly demonstrating the unsteady nature of the main wake flow structures. Furthermore, the obtained aerodynamic drag follows the expected quadratic increase with increasing freestream velocity. The accuracy of this drag estimation is evaluated by comparison to force balance data and corresponds to 30 drag counts. The three terms composing the overall drag force, ascribed to the mean and fluctuating streamwise velocity and the mean pressure, are also evaluated separately, demonstrating that the resistive force is dominated by the contribution of the mean streamwise momentum deficit, whereas the contribution of the pressure term is negligible.

AB - Abstract: The aerodynamic drag of a human-scale wind tunnel model is obtained from large-scale particle tracking velocimetry measurements invoking the conservation of momentum in a control volume surrounding the model. Lagrangian particle tracking is employed to obtain the velocity and static pressure statistics in a thin volume in the wake of a cyclist mannequin at freestream velocities between 12.5 and 15 m/s, corresponding to Reynolds numbers from 5 × 105 to 6 × 105 based on the torso length. The spatial distributions of the time-average streamwise velocity and pressure coefficient match well with previous works reported in literature. The streamwise velocity fluctuations in the wake of the cyclist’s model are presented, clearly demonstrating the unsteady nature of the main wake flow structures. Furthermore, the obtained aerodynamic drag follows the expected quadratic increase with increasing freestream velocity. The accuracy of this drag estimation is evaluated by comparison to force balance data and corresponds to 30 drag counts. The three terms composing the overall drag force, ascribed to the mean and fluctuating streamwise velocity and the mean pressure, are also evaluated separately, demonstrating that the resistive force is dominated by the contribution of the mean streamwise momentum deficit, whereas the contribution of the pressure term is negligible.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060497137&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00348-019-2677-6

DO - 10.1007/s00348-019-2677-6

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85060497137

VL - 60

JO - Experiments in Fluids: experimental methods and their applications to fluid flow

JF - Experiments in Fluids: experimental methods and their applications to fluid flow

SN - 0723-4864

IS - 2

M1 - 29

ER -