Aerodynamic Performance of an Aircraft with Aft-Fuselage Boundary Layer Ingestion Propulsion

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

6 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

View Video Presentation: https://doi-org.tudelft.idm.oclc.org/10.2514/6.2021-2467.vid

Boundary Layer Ingestion (BLI) is a technology that promises fuel consumption benefits for future civil aircraft. However, it introduces detrimental aerodynamic interactions between the propulsor and the airframe. In particular, the inflow to the BLI propulsor is affected by the flow around the airframe elements. The non-uniform inflow can influence the fan aerodynamic, aeroacoustic and aeroelastic performance. As a consequence, the fan design needs to tolerate the inlet distortions in all the flight phases. This paper discusses an experimental study of the aerodynamic performance of an aircraft with a BLI propulsor integrated at the aft-fuselage section, representative of a Propulsive Fuselage Concept (PFC) aircraft. Aerodynamic load measurements show that the BLI propulsor affects the longitudinal and lateral-directional equilibrium of the aircraft in off-cruise conditions. Flow measurements at the BLI propulsor inlet indicate that the fuselage boundary layer induces the strongest total pressure distortion. However, particularly at a non-zero sideslip angle, the vertical tail plane strongly affects the inflow to the BLI propulsor, introducing non-symmetric total pressure and velocity distortions. The analysis of the momentum and power fluxes in the flowfield show that around 20% of the total aircraft drag is produced in the fuselage boundary layer, while around 5% of the total aircraft drag power is dissipated in the fuselage wake. Furthermore, the BLI propulsor substantially reduces the axial kinetic energy flux in the fuselage boundary layer (the so-called ``wake-filling'' effect), suggesting an increased propulsive efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA AVIATION 2021 FORUM
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic) 978-1-62410-610-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Aerodynamic Performance of an Aircraft with Aft-Fuselage Boundary Layer Ingestion Propulsion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this