After the boom: Evaluation of Dutch ates-systems for energy efficiency

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

54 Downloads (Pure)


Aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) is a technology to sustainably provide space heating and cooling. Particularly in The Netherlands the number of ATES systems has grown rapidly in the past decade, often with the (re)development of urban areas. To meet objectives for greenhouse gas emission reduction the number of ATES systems is expected and required to further rise in future both in The Netherlands and elsewhere. To evaluate the lessons learned and the role of practical aspects in the Dutch development of ATES systems, in this study the geohydrological conditions and well characteristics for 331 (~15% of total) Dutch ATES systems are evaluated with respect to optimal well design for maximal thermal energy recovery. The study shows that well design of most (70%) ATES systems is suboptimal. The well design criteria that have been used thus far in practice, focus on allowing maximum flow/capacity, disregarding the effect of groundwater flow on efficiency and the effect of well design on subsurface space use. Instead, well design should be based on a more representative value for the storage volume that takes into account . Based on monitoring data and analysis of variations and uncertainties of the actual storage volume, a guideline is defined to reflect these in the storage volume used for design. Also a guideline for well design is introduced that accounts for both conduction and dispersion losses as well as advection losses in case of high ambient groundwater flow.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuropean geothermal congress 2016
Subtitle of host publicationStrasbourg, France
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventEuropean Geothermal Congress 2016 - Strasbourg Convention and Exhibition Centre, Strasbourg, France
Duration: 19 Sep 201624 Sep 2016


ConferenceEuropean Geothermal Congress 2016
Abbreviated titleEGC 2016
Internet address


  • Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage
  • Evaluation of ATES
  • Well design


Dive into the research topics of 'After the boom: Evaluation of Dutch ates-systems for energy efficiency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this