Alleviation of Propeller-slipstream-induced unsteady pylon loading by a flow-permeable leading edge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
61 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The impingement of a propeller slipstream on a downstream surface causes unsteady loading, which may lead to vibrations responsible for structure-borne noise. A low-speed wind-tunnel experiment was performed to quantify the potential of a flow-permeable leading edge to alleviate the slipstream-induced unsteady loading. For this purpose, a tractor propeller was installed at the tip of a pylon featuring a replaceable leading-edge insert in the region of slipstream impingement. Tests were carried out with four flow-permeable inserts, with different hole diameters and cavity depths, and a baseline solid insert. Particle-image-velocimetry measurements showed that the flow through the permeable surface caused an increase in boundary-layer thickness on the pylon's suction side. This led to a local drag increase and reduced lift, especially for angles of attack above 6 deg. Furthermore, it amplified the viscous interaction with the propeller tip-vortex cores, reducing the velocity fluctuations near the pylon surface by up to 35%. Consequently, lower tonal noise emissions from the pylon were measured in the far field. This suggests that the desired reduction in surface pressure fluctuations was achieved by application of the flow-permeable leading edge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1214-1230
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Aircraft
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Alleviation of Propeller-slipstream-induced unsteady pylon loading by a flow-permeable leading edge'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this