Along-track geopotential difference and deflection of the vertical from grace range rate: Use of GEOGRACE

Natthachet Tangdamrongsub, Cheinway Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
104 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We present a theory and numerical algorithm to directly determine the time-varying along-track geopotential difference and deflection of the vertical at the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite altitude. The determination was implemented using the GEOGRACE computer program using the K-band range rate (KBRR) of GRACE from the Level-1B (L1B) product. The method treated KBRR, GPS-derived orbit of GRACE and an initial geopotential difference as measurements used in the least-squares estimation of the geopotential difference and its formal error constrained by the energy conservation principle. The computational procedure consisted of three steps: data reading and interpolation, data calibration and estimations of the geopotential difference and its error. The formal error allowed removal of KBRR outliers that contaminated the gravity solutions. We used the most recent models to account for the gravity changes from multiple sources. A case study was carried out over India to estimate surface mass anomalies from GEOGRACE-derived geopotential differences. The 10-day mass changes were consistent with those from the MASCON solutions of NASA (correlation coefficient up to 0.88). Using the geopotential difference at satellite altitude avoids the errors caused by downward continuation, enabling the detection of small-scale mass changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-42
Number of pages14
JournalTAO: Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Geopotential difference
  • Grace
  • K-band ranging
  • Mass anomaly
  • Regional gravity solution

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Along-track geopotential difference and deflection of the vertical from grace range rate: Use of GEOGRACE'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this