An artificial neural network based method to uncover the value-of-travel-time distribution

Sander van Cranenburgh, Marco Kouwenhoven

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Abstract

This study proposes a novel Artificial Neural Network (ANN) based method to derive the Value-of-Travel-Time (VTT) distribution. The strength of this method is that it is possible to uncover the VTT distribution (and its moments) without making assumptions about the shape of the distribution or the error terms, while being able to incorporate covariates and taking the panel nature of stated choice data into account. To assess how well the proposed ANN-based method works in terms of being able to recover the VTT distribution, we first conduct a series of Monte Carlo experiments. After having demonstrated that the method works on Monte Carlo data, we apply the method to data from the 2009 Norwegian VTT study. Finally, we extensively cross-validate our method by comparing it with a series of state-of-the-art discrete choice models and nonparametric methods. Based on the promising results we have obtained, we believe that there is a place for ANN-based methods in future VTT studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2545-2583
JournalTransportation
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Artificial neural network
  • Discrete choice modelling
  • Nonparametric methods
  • Random valuation
  • Value of travel time

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