Crop discrimination with synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data primarily depends on the characterization of crop geometry using radar backscatter response. Differences in phenological development of crops lead to dissimilar temporal signatures of backscatter intensities, which may influence the separability of the crop classes. This principle leads to multi-date classification approach. In this work, kernel principal component (KPCA) is adopted for feature selection from multi-date datasets, and the selected features are used for classification using support vector machine (SVM) classifier. The classification is investigated for both the KPCA-based SVM and only SVM approaches using quad-pol C-band RADARSAT-2 data acquired over the test site in Vijayawada, India. KPCA-based SVM classification shows an overall accuracy of 89%, which is better than 82% obtained using the SVM-based classification. The proposed methodology effectively incorporates the temporal crop information during classification.
- crop classification