An idealized description for the diurnal cycle of the dry atmospheric boundary layer

Antoon van Hooft, Peter Baas, Maurice van Tiggelen, Cedrick Ansorge, Bas van de Wiel

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Abstract

We present a conceptual model for the diurnal cycle of the dry atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). It may serve as a framework for future numerical studies on the transitional dynamics that characterize the ABL over land. The conceptual model enables us to define expressions for relevant physical scales as a function of the most prominent forcing parameters and the low degree of complexity facilitates a dimensionless description. This is useful to help generalize boundary layer dynamics that occur on a diurnal time scale. Further, the model’s application for numerical studies is illustrated herein with two examples: a single-column-model study that assesses the effect of wind forcing on the main characteristics of the diurnal cycle, and a large-eddy-simulation study on the daily evolution of turbulence under weak-wind-forcing conditions. The results from these studies sketch the general evolution of the present set of diurnal-cycle systems in more detail. We discuss how the setups are able to reproduce well-known dynamical features of the ABL and also highlight limitations, where the simple conceptual system is unable to describe realistic ABL behavior. We conclude that the present conceptual model has an interesting balance between model-system complexity and physical realism, such that it is useful for future idealized studies on the diurnal cycle of the ABL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3717-3736
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Volume76
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Atmosphere-land interaction
  • Diurnal effects
  • Single column models
  • Large eddy simulations
  • Boundary conditions
  • Boundary layer

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