This paper describes an approach for characterizing the dynamic behavior of the vehicle/track interaction at railway crossings. In the approach, we integrate in situ axle box acceleration (ABA) measurements with roving-accelerometer hammer tests to evaluate the influence of train speed, train moving direction (facing and trailing directions), sensor position (leading and rear wheels of a bogie), and the natural response of track structure on ABA signals. The analysis of data from multiple sensors contributes to the following findings: the major frequency bands of the vertical ABA are related to the natural frequencies of the crossing; thus, these ABA frequency bands are not greatly affected by variations in train speed, moving direction, and sensor position. The vibration energy concentrated at the major ABA frequency bands increases at higher train speeds, along the facing moving direction and from the leading wheel. The crossing rails vibrate as a combination of bending and torsion rather than solely bending at the major ABA frequency bands, since the vibrations of the wing rails are not synchronized. These results help enhance our understanding of the vehicle/track interaction at crossings and can be used to improve the dynamic response-based system for monitoring the condition of crossings.
|Pages (from-to)||2332 - 2344|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|