An integrated GIS-MARKAL toolbox for designing a CO2 infrastructure network in the Netherlands

Machteld van den Broek, Evelien Brederode, Andrea Ramírez, Leslie Kramers, Muriel van der Kuip, Ton Wildenborg, André Faaij, Wim Turkenburg

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Large-scale implementation of carbon capture and storage needs a whole new infrastructure to transport and store CO2. Tools that can support planning and designing of such infrastructure require incorporation of both temporal and spatial aspects. Therefore, a toolbox that integrates ArcGIS, a geographical information system with elaborate spatial and routing functions, and MARKAL, an energy bottom-up model based on linear opt imization has been developed. Application of this toolbox for devising blueprint s of a CO2 infrastructure in the Netherlands, shows that early knowledge on the availability, potential, and suitability of sinks is of major importance for a cost-effective design of the infrastructure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4071-4078
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Procedia
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT-9 - Washington DC, United States
Duration: 16 Nov 200820 Nov 2008


  • CO capture and storage
  • CO infrastructure
  • Geographic information system
  • Linear optimisation


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