An Interference Mitigation Technique for FMCW Radar Using Beat-Frequencies Interpolation in the STFT Domain

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Abstract

A frequency-modulated continuous-wave (FMCW) radar interference mitigation technique using the interpolation of beat frequencies in the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) domain, phase matching, and reconfigurable linear prediction coefficients estimation for Coherent Processing Interval processing is proposed. The technique is noniterative and does not rely on algorithm convergence. It allows the usage of the fast Fourier transform (FFT) as the radar's beat-frequency estimation tool, for reasons such as real-time implementation, noise linearity after the FFT, and compatibility with legacy receiver architectures. Verification is done in range and in range-Doppler using radar experimental data in two ways: first by removing interferences from interference-contaminated data and second by using interference-free data as the reference data, and processing it--as if it had interferences--using the proposed technique, inverse cosine windowing and zeroing for comparison. We found that processing with the proposed technique closely matches the reference-data and outperforms the inverse cosine windowing and zeroing techniques in 2-D cross correlation, amplitude, and phase average errors and phase root-mean-square error. It is expected that the proposed technique will be operationally deployed on the TU Delft simultaneous-polarimetric PARSAX radar.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8551288
Pages (from-to)1207-1220
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Volume67
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

Keywords

  • Frequency-modulated continuous wave (FMCW)
  • linear prediction (LP)
  • multiple-input and multiple-output radars
  • polarimetric radars
  • radar interference mitigation techniques

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