An investigation of stress inaccuracies and proposed solution in the material point method

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Abstract

Stress inaccuracies (oscillations) are one of the main problems in the material point method (MPM), especially when advanced constitutive models are used. The origins of such oscillations are a combination of poor force and stiffness integration, stress recovery inaccuracies, and cell crossing problems. These are caused mainly by the use of shape function gradients and the use of material points for integration in MPM.The most common techniques developed to reduce stress oscillations consider adapting the shape function gradients so that they are continuous at the nodes. These techniques improve MPM, but problems remain, particularly in two and three dimensional cases. In this paper, the stress inaccuracies are investigated in detail, with particular reference to an implicit time integration scheme. Three modifications to MPM are implemented, and together these are able to remove almost all of the observed oscillations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
JournalComputational Mechanics
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Double mapping
  • Material point method
  • Shape functions
  • Stress oscillation

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