An SHM Data-Driven Methodology for the Remaining Useful Life Prognosis of Aeronautical Subcomponents

Georgios Galanopoulos*, Nick Eleftheroglou, Dimitrios Milanoski, Agnes Broer, Dimitrios Zarouchas, Theodoros Loutas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Prognosis of the Remaining Useful Life (RUL) of a structure from Structural Health Monitoring data is the ultimate level in the SHM hierarchy. Reliable prognostics are key to a Condition Based Maintenance paradigm for aerospace systems and structures. In the present work, we propose a methodology for RUL prognosis of generic aeronautical elements i.e. single stringered composite panels subjected to compression/compression fatigue. Strain measurements are utilized in this direction via FBG sensors bonded to the stiffener feet. The strain data collected during the fatigue life are processed and used for the RUL prognosis. In order to accomplish this task, it is essential to produce Health Indicators (HIs) out of raw strain that can properly capture the degradation process. To create such HIs a new pre/post-processing technique is employed and a variety of different HIs are developed. The quality of the HIs can enhance the performance of the prognostic algorithms, hence a fusion methodology is proposed using genetic algorithms. The resulted fused HI is used for the RUL estimation of the SSCPs. Gaussian processes and Hidden Semi Markov Models are employed for RUL prognosis and their performance is compared. Despite the complexity the raw data we demonstrate the feasibility of successful RUL prognostics in a SHM-data driven approach.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuropean Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM 2022, Volume 1
EditorsPiervincenzo Rizzo, Alberto Milazzo
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages244-253
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783031072536
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event10th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM 2022 - Palermo, Italy
Duration: 4 Jul 20227 Jul 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
Volume253 LNCE
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565

Conference

Conference10th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM 2022
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityPalermo
Period4/07/227/07/22

Keywords

  • Composite panels
  • Fibber Bragg Gratings
  • Health Indicators
  • RUL prognosis
  • Structural Health Monitoring

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