An ultra-stable 1.5 T permanent magnet assembly for qubit experiments at cryogenic temperatures

C. Adambukulam, V. K. Sewani, H. G. Stemp, S. Asaad, M. T. Mądzik, A. Morello, A. Laucht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Magnetic fields are a standard tool in the toolbox of every physicist and are required for the characterization of materials, as well as the polarization of spins in nuclear magnetic resonance or electron paramagnetic resonance experiments. Quite often, a static magnetic field of sufficiently large, but fixed, magnitude is suitable for these tasks. Here, we present a permanent magnet assembly that can achieve magnetic field strengths of up to 1.5 T over an air gap length of 7 mm. The assembly is based on a Halbach array of neodymium magnets, with the inclusion of the soft magnetic material Supermendur to boost the magnetic field strength inside the air gap. We present the design, simulation, and characterization of the permanent magnet assembly, measuring an outstanding magnetic field stability with a drift rate of |D| < 2.8 ppb/h. Our measurements demonstrate that this assembly can be used for spin qubit experiments inside a dilution refrigerator, successfully replacing the more expensive and bulky superconducting solenoids.

Original languageEnglish
Article number085106
Number of pages9
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


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