Analysis of Thermal Flow in a Rotating Porous U-Turn Duct Using Lattice Boltzmann Method

Ali Kardani, Pourya Omidvar*, Ahad Zarghami

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The lattice Boltzmann method is carried out to investigate the heat transfer enhancement in a U-turn duct which is partially filled with a porous media. The porous layer is inserted at the core of the duct and is modeled using the Brinkman–Forchheimer assumptions. In order to validate the results, first a channel flow problem without any porous layer is compared with available data. Second, the porous Couette flow and partially porous channel flow are successfully compared with the studies of other researchers. Then, fluid flow in a clear U-turn duct is studied looking carefully at the velocity, curvature and rotation effects. Finally, the effects of porous layer thickness on the rate of heat transfer and pressure drop are investigated. Parametric studies are conducted to evaluate the effects of various parameters (i.e., Reynolds number, Darcy number, rotation number), highlighting their influences on the thermo-hydrodynamics behavior of the flow. The optimum values of porous layer thickness are presented for specific flow parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-318
Number of pages24
JournalTransport in Porous Media
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Brinkman–Forchheimer model
  • Heat transfer enhancement
  • LBM
  • Porous media
  • U-turn duct


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