Analytic elements for multiaquifer flow

Mark Bakker*, Otto D.L. Strack

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this paper is to present an analytic element formulation for groundwater flow in multiaquifer systems. Analytic element equations are presented for wells, line-sinks, and circular infiltration areas. Each analytic element is a solution to the governing system of differential equations, and thus simulates the leakage between aquifers exactly; the head, discharge, and leakage may be computed analytically at any point in the aquifer. Superposition of these analytic elements allows for the simulation of regional multiaquifer flow. A hypothetical example is presented of a system with three aquifers, a river network, and three pumping wells. It is demonstrated that the leakage between aquifers may vary significantly over short distances and that each aquifer has its own water divide.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-129
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Hydrology
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Analytic element method
  • Groundwater
  • Leakage
  • Multiaquifer flow


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