Abstract: Short-term parameters correlating to long-term protein stability, such as the protein cloud point temperature (Tcloud), are of interest to improve efficiency during protein product development. Such efficiency is reached if short-term parameters are obtained in a low volume and high-throughput (HT) manner. This study presents a low volume HT detection method for (sub-zero) Tcloud determination of lysozyme, as such an experimental method is not available yet. The setup consists of a cryogenic device with an automated imaging system. Measurement reproducibility (median absolute deviation of 0.2 °C) and literature-based parameter validation (Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.996) were shown by a robustness and validation study. The subsequent case study demonstrated a partial correlation between the obtained apparent Tcloud parameter and long-term protein stability as a function of lysozyme concentration, ion type, ionic strength, and freeze/thaw stress. The presented experimental setup demonstrates its ability to advance short-term strategies for efficient protein formulation development. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
- Liquid–liquid phase separation
- Long-term protein stability
- Phase diagrams