Apples and oranges: Three criteria for positive emotion typologies

P.M.A. Desmet, D.S. Sauter, M.N. Shiota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
88 Downloads (Pure)


Positive emotion typologies, that is, classifications of positiveemotions into conceptually distinct categories or ‘types’ according to their properties, can clarify and simplify the
complex structure of positive emotion space. In this review, we introduce three key evaluative criteria for such typologies: comprehensiveness, distinctiveness, and granularity.
Comprehensiveness is the degree to which the typology accurately represents the boundaries of positive emotion
space; distinctiveness is whether emotional states are clustered on the basis of a consistent aspect of emotion; and granularity is the level of nuance and detail in categorization.
These criteria provide standards by which the quality of existing typologies can be judged, as well as guiding the development of new typologies. Multiple valid and useful positive emotion typologies can be described; these criteria can guide scholars in selecting the typology that best suits their needs
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-124
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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