Application of Bayesian network to safety assessment of chemical plants during fire-induced domino effects

Nima Khakzad Rostami, Genserik Reniers, G Landucci

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The propagation of fire-induced domino effects in chemical plants largely depends on the presence of fire protection barriers. Aside from internal safety distances, which are usually considered as a component of an inherently safer design, engineering passive and active safety barriers are widely employed to prevent or delay the initiation or propagation of domino effects. In case of engineering safety barriers, however, the performance of each barrier plays a key role in a successful prevention or mitigation of domino effects. In the present study, we have developed a methodology based on Bayesian network to evaluate the effect of engineering safety barriers on fire-induced domino effects in chemical plants. The developed methodology takes into account both the failure probability and the efficiency of fire protection barriers while modeling the escalation of domino effects, all in a single Bayesian network. The application of the methodology is demonstrated using an industrial case study.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ESREL 2016
Subtitle of host publicationRisk, Reliability and Safety: Innovating Theory and Practice
PublisherCRC Press
Pages786-792
ISBN (Electronic)9781498788984
ISBN (Print)9781138029972
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event26th European Safety and Reliability Conference: Risk, reliability and safety: innovating theory and practice - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 25 Sep 201629 Sep 2016

Conference

Conference26th European Safety and Reliability Conference
Abbreviated titleESREL 2016
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period25/09/1629/09/16

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