Application of conventional and simplified modeling techniques under uncertainty: a GIS-T approach for Jerusalem

AR Hamideh, JD Howe, PCH Opstal, KC Sinha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientific

Abstract

This paper introduces a GIS-T based approach for travel analysis in urban areas where travel data are incomplete or fraught with high degrees of uncertainty. The approach is based on conventional and simplified modeling techniques. It considers the case of the city of Jerusalem and its vicinity, where political instability, travel restrictions, and lack of detailed transportation and socio- economic data are major sources of uncertainty for effective transportation planning. The procedure can be useful in other urban areas with little or limited travel data. The travel restrictions that have been effective in the area of Jerusalem divide the transportation system into two components applicable to two ethnic groups (Israelis and Palestinians). Key elements of the procedure discussed in the paper are the determination of a reliable origin- destination (O-D) matrix and an adequate traffic assignment method. The Urban Transportation Planning Systems (UTPS) models and simplified modeling techniques that derive O-D matrices from traffic counts are considered. Similarly, the Method of Successive Averages (MSA) and User Equilibrium are used for traffic assignment. The analysis is based on the use of Geographic Information Systems in Transportation (GIS-T). For this purpose, the transportation software TransCAD is used, as it links both conventional and simplified applications of models to GIS. The results revealed that the conventional four- step model, with the MSA used for traffic assignment, is the most adequate modeling technique among those analyzed. Last, but not least, GIS-T demonstrated to be a powerful tool in dealing with uncertainty in transportation planning.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 80st annual meeting of TRB, Washington, 7-11 January 2001
Place of PublicationWashington
PublisherTransportation Research Board (TRB)
Pages1-17
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Event80st annual meeting TRB - Washington
Duration: 7 Jan 200111 Jan 2001

Publication series

Name
PublisherTransportation Research Board

Conference

Conference80st annual meeting TRB
Period7/01/0111/01/01

Keywords

  • conference contrib. refereed
  • Conf.proc. > 3 pag

Cite this