Application of the Estimation-Before-Modeling Method to the Aerodynamic Characterization of Power Kites

R.B. Moreno, Gonzalo Sánchez-Arriaga, Roland Schmehl

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractScientific

Abstract

The aerodynamic characterization of kites is of paramount importance in the analysis of kites applied to wind energy generation because it is a key component of flight simulators. However, due to flexibility effects of the kite structure and the typically large sideslip and attack angles, severe difficulties arise. This work applies a Estimation-Before-Modeling (EBM) method, a widespread technique in aerospace engineering that makes use of data obtained during flight testing, to the aerodynamic characterization of power kites with four control lines. The procedure includes two main steps: an estimation phase and a modelling phase. The estimation phase involves a Kite Estimator (KE) that receives a comprehensive set of measurements and provides the time history of the state vector of the system. In this phase, aerodynamic forces andmoments are components of the extended state vector of the kite and they are estimated fromthemeasurements by using stochastic filtering and smoothing techniques. The KE has been fed with experimental data obtained during a test campaign with two different power kites (10m2 and 13m2). In the modelling phase, a multivariable regression algorithm has been used to determine the nonlinear coefficients of the aerodynamic model. The regression algorithm compares the aerodynamic forces and torques provided by the KE and the one computed theoretically with a flight simulator of a four-line kite. The accuracy of the aerodynamic model obtained with the EBM technique was assessed by comparing time histories of the experimental trajectories and the one provided by the kite simulator updated with the new aerodynamic model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages26-26
Number of pages1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventAirborne Wind Energy Conference 2017 - Freiburg, Germany
Duration: 5 Oct 20176 Oct 2017

Conference

ConferenceAirborne Wind Energy Conference 2017
Abbreviated titleAWEC 2017
CountryGermany
CityFreiburg
Period5/10/176/10/17

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