Are green buildings more liveable than conventional buildings? An examination from the perspective of occupants

Ying Xu, Dan Luo*, Queena K. Qian, Edwin Hon Wan Chan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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In response to excessive energy consumption and severe pollution, green building has gained increasing attention around the world. Governments’ top-down incentive schemes and consumers’ bottom-up choice preferences are two major channels of residential green building promotion. Regarding the bottom-up route, high liveability performance is critical to ensuring that occupants are willing to make secondary purchases or provide recommendations. Therefore, this paper, using post-occupancy evaluation, aims to evaluate and compare the liveability performance of green and conventional buildings from the perspectives of occupants. The results verified that the eco-label effect (i.e., subjective differences for building types) influenced the occupants’ evaluations of building performance. When controlling for eco-label bias, we found that green buildings were not superior to conventional buildings in terms of liveability. This is highly relevant to evaluations of the orientation of green building certifications that concentrate on the consumption of energy and material resources but neglect the living experience of occupants. In addition, indicators related to thermal comfort (e.g., indoor temperature or frequency of air conditioner use) played an important role in the occupants’ liveability evaluations. These findings provide concrete guidance regarding how the evaluation systems of green building certifications in various countries should be upgraded in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1047-1066
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Housing and the Built Environment
Volume38 (2023)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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  • Eco-label effect
  • Green building
  • Liveability performance
  • Post-occupancy evaluation


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