Are stirring and sonication pre-dispersion methods equivalent for in vitro toxicology evaluation of SiC and TiC?

J Mejia, V Valembois, JP Piret, FD Tichelaar, MA van Huis, B Masereel, O Toussaint, J Delhalle, Z Mekhalif, S Lucas

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    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The evolution of the particle size distribution and the surface composition of silicon carbide and titanium carbide nanoparticle (NP) dispersions were studied. The pre-dispersions were prepared using two commonly used protocols for dispersion: stirring and sonication. Two dispersants were investigated (water and Pluronic F108 1 %) at two stages: predispersion and during in vitro assays. Our data show that for each tested condition, different time-dependent results for the surface chemical composition as well as size and percentage of the agglomerates and the primary particles are observed. De-agglomeration and successive or simultaneous cleaning-wrapping cycles of the nanomaterial are observed and are related to the dispersion method and the medium as well as to the chemical stability of the NP surface. Biological response during in vitro assessment was also performed for one given pre-dispersion time condition and demonstrates that the preparation method significantly alters the results.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)1-18
    Number of pages18
    JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research: an interdisciplinary forum for nanoscale science and technology
    Volume14:815
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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