Assessment Methodology for Collateral Damage and Military (Dis)Advantage in Cyber Operations

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Cyber Operations stopped being utopia or Sci-Fi based scenarios: they became reality. When planning and conducting them, military actors encounter difficulties since they lack methodologies and models that support their actions and assess their effects. To address these issues by tackling the underlying scientific and practical gap, this article proposes an assessment methodology for the intended and unintended effects of Cyber Operations, labeled as Military Advantage, Collateral Damage and Military Disadvantage, and aims at supporting the targeting process when engaging targets in Cyber Operations. To arrive at this methodology, an extensive review on literature, military doctrine and methodologies was conducted combined with two series of interviews with military commanders and field work in joint military exercises. The assessment methodology is proposed considering multidimensional factors, phases and steps in a technical - military approach. For validation, one realistic Cyber Operation case study was conducted in a focus group with nine military experts plus four face-to-face meetings with another four military experts.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 IEEE Military Communications Conference, MILCOM 2018
EditorsStanley (Scott) Gustafson
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-7185-6
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event2018 IEEE Military Communications Conference, MILCOM 2018 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: 29 Oct 201831 Oct 2018


Conference2018 IEEE Military Communications Conference, MILCOM 2018
CountryUnited States
CityLos Angeles


  • Collateral damage
  • Cyber operations
  • Cyber warfare
  • Cyber weapons
  • Effects assessment
  • Military advantage
  • Targeting

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