Assessment of meteorological parameters on air pollution variability over Delhi

Kalpana Garsa, Abul Amir Khan*, Prakhar Jindal, Anirban Middey, Nadeem Luqman, Hitankshi Mohanty, Shubhansh Tiwari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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In this study, the relationships between meteorological parameters (relative humidity, wind speed, temperature, planetary boundary layer, and rainfall) and air pollutants (particulate matter and gaseous pollutants) have been evaluated during a 3-year period from 2019 to 2021. Diffusion and dispersion of air contaminants were significantly influenced by meteorology over the capital city. The results of correlation matrix and principal component analysis (PCA) suggest a season’s specific influence of meteorological parameters on atmospheric pollutants’ concentration. Temperature has the strongest negative impact on pollutants’ concentration, and all the other studied meteorological parameters negatively (reduced) as well as positively (increased) impacted the air pollutants’ concentration. A two-way process was involved during the interaction of pollutants with relative humidity and wind speed. Due to enhanced moisture-holding capacity during non-monsoon summers, particles get larger and settle down on the ground via dry deposition processes. Winter’s decreased moisture-holding capacity causes water vapour coupled with air contaminants to remain suspended and further deteriorate the quality of the air. High wind speed helps in the dispersion and dilution but a high wind speed associated with dust particles may increase the pollutants’ level downwind side. The PM2.5/PM10 variation revealed that the accumulation effect of relative humidity on PM2.5 was more intense than PM10. Daily average location-specific rainfall data revealed that moderate to high rainfall has a potential wet scavenging impact on both particulate matters and gaseous pollutants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1315
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Correlation
  • Delhi
  • Meteorology
  • PM
  • Pollutants


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