Assessment of self-healing behavior of polypropylene fiber-reinforced cement mortar with crystalline admixture: the effects of crack widths, cracking ages, and external conditions

Baoju Liu, Huiwen Ye, Junyi Jiang, Jinyan Shi*, Çağlar Yalçınkaya, Branko Šavija

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Crystalline admixture (CA) is an effective self-healing agent for mortar. However, the effects of crack parameters (i.e. crack width and cracking age) and the service environment on the self-healing behavior of CA-containing mortar are not well understood. Herein, the self-healing behavior of mortar containing a self-developed CA was assessed by testing strength recovery, impermeability recovery, and crack closure in pre-cracked specimens. Three initial crack widths (0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 mm), five cracking ages (3, 7, 14, 28, and 56 days), and four external exposure conditions (humidity chamber, air exposure, water immersion, and wet-dry cycles) are investigated. Furthermore, the influence of different external conditions on the healing products at the region of crack and the pore structure of hardened paste containing CA are studied. The results show that adding 4.54% CA into mortar allows rapid healing of 300 μm-wide cracks. Although wider cracks (400 μm) are more difficult to heal, the sorptivity coefficients of the mortars with 400 μm-wide cracks after healing decrease. When the cracks are produced at an earlier age, the pre-cracked specimens have higher recovery ratios of strength and impermeability after healing, and the specimens pe-cracked at a later age still have acceptable compressive strengths after healing. The analysis shows that the strengths and impermeabilities of pre-cracked mortars containing CA exposed to the four external conditions are all recovered. The best self-healing performance is observed for the specimens exposed to water immersion and wet-dry cycles conditions. Somewhat less good self-healing was observed in the specimens exposed to humid chamber condition, while the worst self-healing performance was in the specimens exposed to air exposure condition. This study provides a theoretical basis for the application of novel CAs in cement-based materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)706-725
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

Keywords

  • crack
  • crystalline admixture
  • mortar
  • permeability
  • Self-healing behavior

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