Automated Folding of Origami Lattices: From Nanopatterned Sheets to Stiff Meta-Biomaterials

Teunis van Manen*, Mahya Ganjian, Khashayar Modaresifar, Lidy E. Fratila-Apachitei, Amir A. Zadpoor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
16 Downloads (Pure)


Folding nanopatterned flat sheets into complex 3D structures enables the fabrication of meta-biomaterials that combine a rationally designed 3D architecture with nanoscale surface features. Self-folding is an attractive approach for realizing such materials. However, self-folded lattices are generally too compliant as there is an inherent competition between ease-of-folding requirements and final load-bearing characteristics. Inspired by sheet metal forming, an alternative route is proposed for the fabrication of origamilattices. This ‘automated-folding’ approach allows for the introduction of sharp folds into thick metal sheets, thereby enhancing their stiffness. The first time realization of automatically folded origami lattices with bone-mimicking mechanical properties is demonstrated. The proposed approach is highly scalable given that the unit cells making up the meta-biomaterial can be arbitrarily large in number and small in dimensions. To demonstrate the scalability and versatility of the proposed approach, it is fabricated origamilattices with > 100 unit cells, lattices with unit cells as small as 1.25 mm, and auxetic lattices. The nanopatterned the surface of the sheets prior to folding. Protected by a thin coating layer, these nanoscale features remained intact during the folding process. It is found that the nanopatterned folded specimens exhibits significantly increased mineralization as compared to their non-patterned counterparts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2203603
Number of pages10
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • biofunctionalization
  • Designer biomaterials
  • foldable medical devices
  • origami


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