Behind the Scenes of Scenario-Based Training: Understanding Scenario Design and Requirements in High-Risk and Uncertain Environments

Nadia Saad Noori, Yan Wang, M. Comes, Heide Lukosch

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
379 Downloads (Pure)


Simulation exercises as a training tool for enhancing preparedness for emergency response are widely adopted in disaster management. This paper addresses current scenario design processes, proposes an alternative approach for simulation exercises and introduces a conceptual design of an adaptive scenario generator. Our work is based on a systematic literature review and observations made during TRIPLEX-2016 exercise in Farsund, Norway. The planning process and scenario selection of simulation exercises impact directly the effectiveness of intra- and interorganizational cooperation. However, collective learning goals are rarely addressed and most simulations are focused on institution-specific learning goals. Current scenario design processes are often inflexible and begin from scratch for each exercise. In our approach, we address both individual and collective learning goals and the demand to develop scenarios on different layers of organizational learning. Further, we propose a scenario generator that partly automates the scenario selection and adaptively responds to the exercise evolvement.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 14th Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2017)
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event14th Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM) Conference - Albi, France
Duration: 21 May 201724 May 2017
Conference number: 14


Conference14th Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM) Conference
Abbreviated titleISCRAM 2017


  • Humanitarian simulation exercise
  • scenario design process
  • collective learning
  • interorganizational coordination

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