Beyond Marchenko: Obtaining virtual receivers and virtual sources in the subsurface

Satyan Singh, Kees Wapenaar, Joost van der Neut, R Snieder

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
26 Downloads (Pure)


By solving the Marchenko equations, the Green’s function can be retrieved between a virtual receiver in the subsurface to points at the surface (no physical receiver is required at the virtual location). We extend the idea of these equations to retrieve the Green’s function between any two points in the subsurface; i.e, between a virtual source and a virtual receiver (no physical source or physical receiver is required at either of these locations). This Green’s function is called the virtual Green’s function and includes all the primaries, internal and free-surface multiples. Similar to the Marchenko Green’s function, we require the reflection response at the surface (single-sided illumination) and an estimate of the first arrival travel time from the virtual location to the surface.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2016
EditorsCharles Sicking, John Ferguson
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventSEG International Exposition and 86th Annual Meeting - Dallas & Kay Bailey Hutchison Convention Center, Dallas, United States
Duration: 16 Oct 201621 Oct 2016
Conference number: 86

Publication series

NameSEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts
ISSN (Electronic)1949-4645


ConferenceSEG International Exposition and 86th Annual Meeting
Abbreviated titleSEG 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address


  • multiples
  • scattering
  • downhole sources
  • downhole receivers
  • autofocusing

Cite this