Biomechanical evaluation of the elbow using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis

D Eygendaal, ER Valstar, JO Söjbjerg, PM Rozing

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    Abstract

    The medial collateral ligament complex is the primary constraint of the elbow to valgus forces and is composed of the anterior bundle, the posterior bundle, and a transverse part. Total and partial ruptures have been described. Clinical and radiologic examinations of medial or valgus instability of the elbow are difficult. The effect of different stages of medial collateral ligament ruptures on ulnohumeral movement in cadavers was determined to rationalize the use of physical and radiologic examinations in different stages of valgus instability in vivo. Using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis, motion is determined between the humerus and ulna under valgus load and between the humerus and radius during maximal pronation of the forearm after various dimensions of medial collateral ligament lesions. The increase in distance between the humerus and ulna under a 15 N valgus load varied from 2.7 mm to 9.8 mm. The increase in distance between the humerus and proximal radius with the forearm in pronation in an intact specimen and after transsection of the anterior medial collateral ligament and posterior medial collateral ligament in the anterior direction was 9.7 mm. These results suggest that detection of partial ruptures with clinical and radiologic examinations is difficult. Anterior movement of the radial head can be used as an additional parameter of valgus instability. Keywords: Aged; Biomechanics; Collateral Ligaments; Elbow Joint; Female; Human; Humerus; In Vitro; Male; Movement; Photogrammetry; Radius; Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Ulna
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)100-105
    Number of pages6
    JournalClinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
    Volume396
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

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