Bioturbation has a limited effect on phosphorus burial in salt marsh sediments

Sebastiaan J. Van De Velde, Rebecca K. James, Ine Callebaut, Silvia Hidalgo-Martinez, Filip J.R. Meysman

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Abstract

It has been hypothesized that the evolution of animals during the Ediacaran-Cambrian transition stimulated the burial of phosphorus in marine sediments. This assumption is centrally based on data compilations from marine sediments deposited under oxic and anoxic bottom waters. Since anoxia excludes the presence of infauna and sediment reworking, the observed differences in P burial are assumed to be driven by the presence of bioturbators. This reasoning however ignores the potentially confounding impact of bottom-water oxygenation on phosphorus burial. Here, our goal is to test the idea that bioturbation increases the burial of organic and inorganic phosphorus (P<span classCombining double low line"inline-formula">org</span> and P<span classCombining double low line"inline-formula">inorg</span>, respectively) while accounting for bottom-water oxygenation. We present solid-phase phosphorus speciation data from salt marsh ponds with and without bioturbation (Blakeney salt marsh, Norfolk, UK). In both cases, the pond sediments are exposed to oxygenated bottom waters, and so the only difference is the presence or absence of bioturbating macrofauna. Our data reveal that the rate of P<span classCombining double low line"inline-formula">org</span> and P<span classCombining double low line"inline-formula">inorg</span> burial are indistinguishable between bioturbated and non-bioturbated sediments. A large terrestrial fraction of organic matter and higher sedimentation velocity than generally found in marine sediments (0.3 <span classCombining double low line"inline-formula">±</span> 0.1 cm yr<span classCombining double low line"inline-formula">-1</span>) may partially impact these results. However, the absence of a clear effect of bioturbation on total P burial puts into question the presumed importance of bioturbation for phosphorus burial.

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Original languageEnglish
Article number79
Pages (from-to)1451-1461
Number of pages11
JournalBiogeosciences
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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