Blockchain-Enabled Secure Energy Trading with Verifiable Fairness in Industrial Internet of Things

Meng Li, Donghui Hu, Chhagan Lal*, Mauro Conti, Zijian Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

133 Citations (Scopus)


Energy trading in Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), a fundamental approach to realize Industry 4.0, plays a vital role in satisfying energy demands and optimizing system efficiency. Existing research works utilize a utility company to distribute energy to energy nodes with the help of energy brokers. Afterwards, they apply blockchain to provide transparency, immutability, and auditability of peer-to-peer (P2P) energy trading. However, their schemes are constructed on a weak security model and do not consider the cheating attack initiated by energy sellers. Such an attack refers to an energy seller refusing to transfer the negotiated energy to an energy purchaser who already paid money. In this article, we propose FeneChain, a blockchain-based energy trading scheme to supervise and manage the energy trading process toward building a secure energy trading system and improving energy quality for Industry 4.0. Specifically, we leverage anonymous authentication to protect user privacy, and we design a timed-commitments-based mechanism to guarantee the verifiable fairness during energy trading. Moreover, we utilize fine-grained access control for energy trading services. We also build a consortium blockchain among energy brokers to verify and record energy trading transactions. Finally, we formally analyze the security and privacy of FeneChain and evaluate its performance (i.e., computational costs and communication overhead) by implementing a prototype via a local Ethereum test network and Raspberry Pi.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9000864
Pages (from-to)6564-6574
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Blockchain
  • energy trading
  • Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
  • Industry 4.0
  • privacy
  • security


Dive into the research topics of 'Blockchain-Enabled Secure Energy Trading with Verifiable Fairness in Industrial Internet of Things'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this