Buckling Testing of a Subscale Composite Cylinder

Michelle Tillotson Rudd, Marc R. Schultz, W. Allen Waters, Nathaniel W. Gardner, C. Bisagni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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A subscale solid laminate composite cylinder with a 31.5-in. diameter, a 48.2-in. length, and a [23/0/-23]4S layup was designated NDL-1 and was designed to fail in buckling after a series of subcritical tests. NDL-1 was experimentally loaded in axial compression until buckling at 466.3 kips. Visual inspection of the test article after the test revealed that a shallow area of delamination occurred near the buckling initiation site. After a successful first buckling test, there was an opportunity to test NDL-1 in axial compression to failure a second time despite that the test article was not designed or analyzed for multiple buckling tests. During the second test to failure, NDL-1 reached a peak load of 390.4 kips, 16.3% lower than the first test. Buckling did not initiate in the same location during the second test to failure as the first test to failure. The second buckling event caused a large V-shaped crack that penetrated through the thickness of the barrel. Though buckling initiated at different locations, a similar radial deformation pattern was present just prior to buckling during the both tests. In the end, NDL-1 maintained a significant amount of its structural integrity and a similar prebuckling radial displacement pattern, even after the first buckling test.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA Scitech 2021 Forum
Subtitle of host publication11–15 & 19–21 January 2021Virtual/online event
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-62410-609-5
ISBN (Print)9781624106095
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventAIAA Scitech 2021 Forum - Virtual/online event due to COVID-19
Duration: 11 Jan 202121 Jan 2021

Publication series

NameAIAA Scitech 2021 Forum


ConferenceAIAA Scitech 2021 Forum

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