A subscale solid laminate composite cylinder with a 31.5-in. diameter, a 48.2-in. length, and a [23/0/-23]4S layup was designated NDL-1 and was designed to fail in buckling after a series of subcritical tests. NDL-1 was experimentally loaded in axial compression until buckling at 466.3 kips. Visual inspection of the test article after the test revealed that a shallow area of delamination occurred near the buckling initiation site. After a successful first buckling test, there was an opportunity to test NDL-1 in axial compression to failure a second time despite that the test article was not designed or analyzed for multiple buckling tests. During the second test to failure, NDL-1 reached a peak load of 390.4 kips, 16.3% lower than the first test. Buckling did not initiate in the same location during the second test to failure as the first test to failure. The second buckling event caused a large V-shaped crack that penetrated through the thickness of the barrel. Though buckling initiated at different locations, a similar radial deformation pattern was present just prior to buckling during the both tests. In the end, NDL-1 maintained a significant amount of its structural integrity and a similar prebuckling radial displacement pattern, even after the first buckling test.
|Name||AIAA Scitech 2021 Forum|
|Conference||AIAA Scitech 2021 Forum|
|Period||11/01/21 → 21/01/21|