Calibration of a simple 1D model for the hydraulic response of regional dykes in the Netherlands

Ching Yu Chao*, Maarten Bakker, Cristina Jommi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleScientificpeer-review

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A simple numerical model was set up to investigate the hydraulic behaviour of a regional dyke to improve understanding of the response under variable atmospheric conditions. The unsaturated hydraulic properties of the dyke body and the relevant foundation layers were calibrated either on the results of laboratory tests or on a national database, namely the Staringreeks, compiled for typical Dutch soils. The boundary conditions were imposed according to the weather history at the top, and to the pore pressures measured in the field at the bottom of the representative soil column. The results indicate that a simple 1D model is able to accurately reproduce the suction time history in the dyke core, provided the hydraulic conductivity and soil water retention properties are properly calibrated. The optimised hydraulic conductivities are typically two orders of magnitude higher than the saturated hydraulic conductivity from the laboratory tests, but comparable to the ones suggested in the database developed on field data. The work highlights that cautious evaluation of laboratory data is needed for field applications, and that direct information from the field should be used to validate numerical models in the presence of organic soils.

Original languageEnglish
Article number01012
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event4th European Conference on Unsaturated Soils, E-UNSAT 2020 - Lisboa, Portugal
Duration: 19 Oct 202021 Oct 2020


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