Sewer performance is typically assessed using hydrodynamic models assuming the absence of in-sewer defects. As a consequence, hydraulic performance calculated by models is likely to be overestimated, while the real hydraulic performance of the sewer system remains unknown. This article introduces the concept of ‘hydraulic fingerprinting’ based on model calibration to identify in-sewer defects affecting hydraulic performance. Model calibration enables detection of changes in hydraulic properties of the sewer system. Each model calibration results in a set of model parameter values, their uncertainties and residuals. The model parameter values also incorporate the antecedent condition of the catchment of the event calibrated and are therefore less suitable to identify in-sewer defects. The residuals on the other hand, and more specifically their absolute values, statistical properties and the correlation between residuals at different monitoring locations are suitable as indicators of the occurrence of in-sewer defects. This allows the application of ‘hydraulic fingerprinting’ based on model calibration, where the ‘fingerprint’ is defined by the model parameters and the residuals. The concept of ‘fingerprinting’ is demonstrated for the combined sewer system ‘Tuindorp’ (Utrecht, the Netherlands). The results show that ‘hydraulic fingerprinting’ can be a powerful tool for directing sewer asset management actions.
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Structure & Infrastructure Engineering: maintenance, management, life-cycle design & performance|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
- Hydrodynamic modelling
- urban drainage
- sewer systems